Appositive Phrase Definition and Examples – Hi friends! As we already know, there are several pronouns in English, such as me, you, he, she, him, her, they, them, etc. But sometimes, we also use other words to explain those pronouns or other nouns. And that’s what is called Appositive, do you want to know more about appositive? Read the explanation below!
Appositive Phrase Definition
Appositive is a bunch of nouns or pronouns that has a function to explain or describe other nouns or pronouns. It’s often accompanied by some words to form Appositive Phrase. Therefore, Appositive Phrase is generally a noun phrase.
- My friend Jack is a new student in this school
(The Appositive is a noun)
- My older brother, an electric engineer, is so smart.
(The Appositive is a noun phrase)
How to Use Appositive
Appositive is generally located after the noun, but it can also be located before the noun.
|Appositive Before Noun||Appositive After Noun|
|A powerful president, Donald Trump, held a meeting with other presidents in White House.||Donald Trump, a powerful president, held a meeting with other presidents in White House.|
|A well-known singer, Beyonce, is going to release her new album this year.||Beyonce, a well-known singer, is going to release her new album this year.|
Punctuation & Appositive
A comma (,) or a dash (-) are often used in Appositive Phrase that are non-restrictive. Non-restrictive is additional information that explains a phrase that is non-essential and can be omitted. Look at the table below!
Examples of Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Appositive Phrase Sentences
Restrictive Appositive Phrase
|A powerful president, Barrack Obama, held a meeting with other presidents in White House.||A well-known singer, Beyonce, is going to release her new album this year.|
The subject (president & singer) is too general, so the Appositive (Barack Obama & Beyonce) shouldn’t be removed from the sentences (essential information). If the Appositive is omitted, the sentence doesn’t have a clear meaning.
Non-Restrictive Appositive Phrase
|Barack Obama, a powerful president, held a meeting with other presidents in White House.||Beyonce, a well-known singer, is going to release her new album this year.|
The subject (Barack Obama & Beyonce) is a clear subject so that the Appositive can be removed without losing the main points of the sentence.
Other Appositive Phrases
Besides noun phrases, other phrases such as the Infinitive (phrase) and Gerund (phrase) could be Appositive as well, because they are basically words formed from verbs but have other functions as nouns.
|Phrases||Appositive Phrases Examples|
|Infinitive (Phrases)||My dream, to be an ambassador, has made me study harder.|
My dream, to be an ambassador in a country in Europe, has made me study harder.
|Gerund (Phrases)||Her hobby, reading, makes her a smart girl.|
Her hobby, reading encyclopedia and novel, makes her a smart girl.
Appositive Sentence Examples
The table below is showing some examples of appositive sentence:
|Without Appositive||With Appositive|
|1.||· Burj Khalifa is the highest building in Dubai.|
· Burj Khalifa has the highest restaurant in the world.
|Burj Khalifa, the highest building in Dubai, has the highest restaurant in the world.|
|2.||· Jade is a diligent woman.|
· Jade is a well-dressed woman.
· Jade is promoted to be a secretary in a famous company.
|A diligent, well-dressed woman, Jade is promoted to be a secretary in a famous company.|
That’s a complete explanation of appositive phrase definition along with examples. If you have any questions about the appositive, please ask us by writing a comment below. Thanks!