Simple Sentence Structure, Definition, and Examples – Sentence structure is one of important things you must learn when you’re digging more about writing techniques. There are several things about sentence structure that you need to know, what are those things? Read the explanation below.
Simple Sentence Definition
In English, there are four kinds of sentence:
- Simple sentence
- Compound sentence
- Complex sentence
- Compound-complex sentence
Each of them has different structure and formula, but now, we will be focusing on the simple sentence structure.
“Simple sentence is a sentence that has a single subject and predicate.”
There are several things you need to pay attention to about the simple sentence:
a. The subject in a simple sentence may be compound
My sister and I are completely different.
b. The verb in a simple sentence may be compound
They laughed and cried at the same time.
The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb.
Simple Sentence Formula
Actually, simple sentence has a simple formula, which only consists of a subject (S) and a verb (V). Please read the table below for more details.
|1.||My younger sister speaks Spanish well.||S V|
|2.||My uncle and father speak Spanish very well.||S S V|
|3.||My father and mother write and speak Spanish very well.||S S V V|
|4.||My parents will retire soon.||S V|
|5.||Soon we will move into a smaller apartment or live with my older brother and his family.||S V V|
Here’s the wrong example of simple sentence:
My sister lives in California, and my brother lives in London.
Why is the sentence above not included as a simple sentence? Because it has two pairs of subjects and verbs so the formula is: S V S V. Thus, the sentence above is an example of a compound sentence.
When you want to determine the correct verb for your simple sentence, look for a verb that changes the tense, for example:
My grandmother wants to learn to drive.
The main verb of the sentence above is “wants“. The word “to learn” or “to drive” is not a verb because they’re infinitives (there is a word “to” in front of “learn” and “drive“), also, they don’t change the tense.
My sister will teach how to make a lasagna in exchange for cooking lessons.
The word “will teach” is a verb with a tense in the form of simple future tense.
A little dog is swimming in the swimming pool now.
The verb in the sentence above is “is swimming“. The second “swimming” in the “swimming pool” is not a verb, but only as an adjective explanatory word called a participle (the form of a verb that changes to Verb + ing).
The last example:
Swimming is my favorite way to exercise.
The verb in the sentence above is the word “is“. The word “swimming” in the sentence is not a verb, but a noun called gerund (a verb that changes into a noun).
Use of Conjunctions
Conjunctions in English have many forms, but the most commonly used are “and” and “or“.
a. The conjunction “and” connects two or more things in positive sentences.
I like Chinese and Italian food.
b. The conjunction “or” connects two or more things in a negative sentence.
I don’t like warm milk or cold coffee.
c. The conjunction “or” is also used to connect two or more choices.
We would like to go to Istanbul, Paris, or London on my next holiday.
That was our explanation on simple sentence structure, definition, and examples. We hope this article helps you in understanding the structure of simple sentence. Thanks for reading!