5 Types of Bipolar Disorder and Causes – Some people often experience a drastic change in their mood and energy from the highest to the lowest level. It’s called Bipolar Disorder.
According to WHO (World Health Organization), there are about 60 million people worldwide who have Bipolar Disorder, and according to Mental Health America, those who have bipolar disorder experience three symptoms, which are Depression, Mania, and Hypomania. Scientists often call the moment where they experience these symptoms as an episode.
What is Depression? Mania? Hypomania?
Depression is a condition where a person will experience deep sadness and anxiety. Other signs of depression are:
- Loss of appetite
- Weak body
- Hard to concentrate
- Suicidal thoughts
Now you know what depression is, then what is Mania?
Mania is a different mood condition than depression. A bipolar disorder sufferer who experiences mania has explosive energy, high euphoria, and unusual & aggressive sexual desire. The difference between mania and hypomania lies in the length of both episodes.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Signs
A person who has bipolar disorder will experience a great emotional feeling and that usually occurs in a certain period, known as “Mood Episode.” Each mood episode shows a drastic change from the person’s normal mood. An episode where the person looks too happy and excited is called a Manic episode, whereas Depressive episode will show extreme sadness and loss of will.
However, it is possible that a mixture of manic episodes and depressive episodes will occur in just one mood episode. This episode is called Mixed episode, and it’s very dangerous.
Bipolar Disorder sufferers will also be very irritable without a clear intention in a mood episode. The mood swings are also usually accompanied by extreme changes related to the energy, activity, sleep patterns, and daily behavior.
There are some signs and symptoms during the Manic episode:
- Feeling too happy and excited
- Sensitive and easily offended
- Eat a lot
- Be reckless
- Carry out risky activities
- Speak quickly and often change the topic of conversation from one to another
- Decreased ability to make a decision.
- See strange things and hear mysterious voices.
And there are some signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder at Depressive episode:
- Feel very sad and lose hope
- Loss of interest in doing daily activities
- Eat less
- Feel sleepy and lazy
- Feel insecure
- Hard to concentrate
- Have suicidal thoughts
The above episodes could occur several times a year or even a week. Please contact the doctor if you or someone you care about shows the symptoms I have mentioned above.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
What causes bipolar disorder? Until this article was published, the specific causes of bipolar disorder aren’t clearly identified. But there were several factors that might be causing bipolar disorder. Those causes are:
The human brain could experience some physical changes that affect the level of brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) in it. The transmitter is substances that affect people’s mood.
If your parents or other family members suffer from a bipolar disorder. There is a probability that you could suffer from it too.
Influence of The Social Environment
Researchers have found that there are several social factors that could cause bipolar disorder. These factors are:
- Stress feeling of childhood trauma
- Low self-
5 Types of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder doesn’t only consist of one but five types. What are those types of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar Disorder: Type 1
In this type 1 bipolar disorder, the person will experience a manic episode. Someone who suffers from bipolar 1 also experiences depression and hypomania. But the hypomania won’t last long and won’t feel too heavy. Those who suffer from this type of bipolar disorder don’t need hospitalization.
Bipolar Disorder: Type 2
In this type 2 bipolar disorder, the sufferer will experience severe episodes of depression and an episode of hypomania. They tend to have a longer depression episode compared to people with bipolar disorder type 1.
People who suffer from Cyclothymic disorder will experience hypomania and depression episodes regularly. Compared to the previous two types of bipolar disorder, this episode is much heavier. However, if it isn’t treated immediately, Cyclothymic disorder could develop and endanger the sufferer.
Rapid Cycling is a term for someone who has experienced four (or more) episodes of hypomania, mania, or depression within a 12 months period. Which means, Rapid Cycling will change sufferer’s mood quickly.
Mixed Episode is the most dangerous bipolar disorder type. This is the term if the sufferer experiences episodes of depression, hypomania, and mania simultaneously. Those who experience mixed episode will have a bigger risk of suicide.
These are the 5 types of Bipolar Disorder. Actually, all of the episodes are very risky and dangerous if they’re not treated by a specialist doctor immediately. Do you want to know some treatment options for bipolar disorder sufferer? Let’s get into them!
Bipolar Disorder Treatment
There is no cure for Bipolar Disorder. But there are some treatments which could stabilize the mood swings. The suitable treatment for a person who suffers from bipolar will be determined by his/her psychiatrist (a doctor who specializes in mental disorders). Some treatments that can be given for bipolar disorder sufferer are:
The doctor could recommend certain prescriptions to stabilize your mood. This medicine can help to reduce the symptoms you may experience. You may be required to take prescription medicines for a long time to prevent a depressive episode that could increase your thoughts to commit suicide. These medicines are antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and anti-stress medicine.
You may need to do counseling to discuss your condition and how to get through the episode that you have experienced. Look for a community or a psychiatrist that can help you to deal with bipolar disorder.
Treatment of Drug and Substance Abuse
If you have drugs and substances addiction, you have to stop it. Because the addiction to drugs or any other substances will make it more difficult to relieve the bipolar disorder condition.
In some cases, you will be required to be hospitalized for periodic supervision. Usually, those who need hospital care having bigger thoughts to commit suicide. At this level, they can hurt themselves or others.
Bipolar disorder situations are not the same. If you suffer from this disorder, it’s better to always tell people you know/trust about what you feel, maybe they will help you figuring things out. If you know people who suffer from this, talk to them. They need your help. By helping them, you will feel better too.
Hope this helps. See you next time. Do what you love. And stay alive!